While their health has suffered enormously because of the arrival of the Europeans, it is assumed that Aboriginal people enjoyed good health before 1788. Using data collected from all parts of the continent, this 1995 book studies the health of Australia's original inhabitants over 50,000 years. It represents the first continental survey of its kind and is the first to quantify and describe key aspects of Australian hunter-gatherer health. The book takes a theoretical approach to Upper Pleistocene regional epidemiology and presents empirical data of the health of late Pleistocene and Holocene populations. Major categories of disease described are: stress, osteoarthritis, fractures, congenital deformations, neoplasms and non-specific and treponemal infections. The author also describes surgical techniques used by Aboriginal people. Offering fresh insight into the study of Australian prehistory and Aboriginal culture, this book will be accessible to specialists and general readers alike. It illuminates the origins of human disease, and will fill a gap in our knowledge of health in the Australasian region.
AutoCAD is the industry standard for two-dimensional construction drawings, and this manual was created specifically to help designers master it. Neither overly simplistic nor excessively technical,Digital Drawing for Designers: A Visual Guide to AutoCAD 2012 teaches by relating to what architects and interior designers understand best: the visual world. Beginning with the building blocks of drawing (lines, circles, and arcs), the book progresses through architectural graphic standards, enabling students to create drawings that effectively communicate their design ideas. Advanced features such as annotative dimensions, annotative blocks, express tools, and linking drawings (XREFs) are also covered. Instructions are illustrated using language and concepts from manual drafting, facilitating a smooth transition to the digital environment for all designers. New learners will appreciate the step-by-step lessons and visual illustrations, while experienced design professionals can easily access material to refresh their knowledge. Clear, concise, and above all visual, this AutoCAD guide speaks directly to the needs of architects and interior designers.
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